Trinity Sunday - B - May 26, 2024

FIRST READING

Deuteronomy 4:32-34, 39-40

Deuteronomy presented religious duty to God as more than a sign of national pride. It was more than community response. Religious duty was personal.
32 For ask now of the days that are past, which were before you, since the day that God created man on the earth, and from the one end of the sky to the other, whether there has been anything as this great thing is, or has been heard like it? 33 Did a people ever hear the voice of God speaking out of the midst of the fire, as you have heard, and live? 34 Or has God tried to go and take a nation for himself from the midst of another nation, by trials, by signs, and by wonders, and by war, and by a mighty hand, and by an outstretched arm, and by great terrors, according to all that YHWH your God did for you in Egypt before your eyes?

39 Know therefore this day, and lay it to your heart, that YHWH he is God in heaven above and on the earth beneath; there is none else. 40 You shall keep his statutes, and his commandments, which I command you this day, that it may go well with you, and with your children after you, and that you may prolong your days in the land, which YHWH your God gives you, forever.

PSALM

Psalm 33

Why should we believe? Sometimes we have faith because of what God does for us. But ultimate faith, ultimate praise comes from a deep realization of what God is. This is song sung in 33.
1 Rejoice in YHWH, you righteous!
Praise is fitting for the upright.
2 Give thanks to YHWH with the lyre.
Sing praises to him with the harp of ten strings.
3 Sing to him a new song.
Play skillfully with a shout of joy!

4 For the word of YHWH is right.
All his work is done in faithfulness.
5 He loves righteousness and justice.
The earth is full of the loving kindness of YHWH.

6 By YHWH's word, the heavens were made;
all their army by the breath of his mouth.
7 He gathers the waters of the sea together as a heap.
He lays up the deeps in storehouses.
8 Let all the earth fear YHWH.
Let all the inhabitants of the world stand in awe of him.
9 For he spoke, and it was done.
He commanded, and it stood firm.
10 YHWH brings the counsel of the nations to nothing.
He makes the thoughts of the peoples to be of no effect.
11 The counsel of YHWH stands fast forever,
the thoughts of his heart to all generations.
12 Blessed is the nation whose God is YHWH,
the people whom he has chosen for his own inheritance.

13 YHWH looks from heaven.
He sees all the sons of men.
14 From the place of his habitation he looks out on all the inhabitants of the earth,
15 he who fashions all of their hearts;
and he considers all of their works.
16 There is no king saved by the multitude of an army.
A mighty man is not delivered by great strength.
17 A horse is a vain thing for safety,
neither does he deliver any by his great power.
18 Behold, YHWH's eye is on those who fear him,
on those who hope in his loving kindness;
19 to deliver their soul from death,
to keep them alive in famine.

20 Our soul has waited for YHWH.
He is our help and our shield.
21 For our heart rejoices in him,
because we have trusted in his holy name.
22 Let your loving kindness be on us, YHWH,
since we have hoped in you.

SECOND READING

Romans 8:14-17

Much of St. Paul's theology can be reduced to one insight. We cannot make ourselves righteous in the eyes of God. That is God's prerogative.

Popular Translation:

14 If the Spirit leads someone, that person is a child of God. 15 You did not become slaves again when you received the Spirit. No, all of you were made children of God! Because of the Spirit, we cry out to God as "Father!" 16 We and the Spirit agree that we are God's children. 17 But if we are his children, we are also his heirs, along with his Son, Jesus Christ. If we suffer like Jesus in this life, God will give us glory like Jesus has in heaven.

Literal Translation:

14 For, as many as are led in the Spirit of God, these are sons of God. 15 For you did not receive a spirit of slavery again, you received the Spirit of adoption (as a son), in which we shout, "Abba, Father!" 16 The Spirit itself testifies together with our spirit that we are children of God. 17 But if (we are) children, (we are) also heirs; on the one hand, heirs of God, on the other hand, co-heirs with CHRIST, if indeed we suffer together (with HIM), so that we might be given glory (with HIM).

GOSPEL

Matthew 28:26-30

One of the clear Scriptural roots to the doctrine of the Trinity lay in the Great Commission from Matthew's . “Go, baptize in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit...”

Popular Translation:

26 The eleven apostles went to a mountaintop in Galilee where Jesus told them to meet. 27 When they saw him there, they worshiped Jesus, but they still wondered what was going on. 28 After Jesus approached the apostles, he said, "The Father gave me power over everything in heaven and on earth. 29 Now, make people from every nation my followers:

Go to them.

Baptize them in the name of the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit.

Teach them to carefully hold onto every command I gave you.

30 Listen! I am always with you until the end of time."

Literal Translation:

26 The eleven disciples traveled to Galilee, to the mountain where Jesus ordered them (to meet). 27 Having seen him, they worshiped but those doubted.

28 Having approached, Jesus said to them, "All authority in heaven and earth was given to me. 29 Having traveled (far), then, make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, 30 and teaching them to guard everything as I commanded you. Look! I am with you all the days until the close of the age."


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